The ZIB research projects are conducted by the endowed chairs and ZIB staff at the DIPF in Frankfurt am Main, the IPN in Kiel and the TUM School of Education in Munich. The pursuit of ZIB research projects within the institutes and resultant cooperation thus pools the diverse competencies of all three sites in the field of educational research to create a lively research environment to which all three ZIB sites contribute their respective expertise.
At the Technical University of Munich (TUM), the ZIB research projects are conducted within the TUM School of Education. The department focuses on educational research and teacher training and Master degree programmes in educational studies.
The TUM School of Education is also home to the national PISA team, which is responsible for the planning, execution and evaluation of the PISA study in Germany. The team's responsibilities include adapting test booklets and questionnaires for use in Germany, arranging for their translation and conducting tests in schools. The results are processed to make them available to a wider public and their final inclusion in a national collective report. The work of the German PISA team is particularly distinguished by the fact that analyses and interpretations of the research results are conducted independently and autonomously. The national PISA project is headed by Prof. Kristina Reiss and Dr. Mirjam Weis.
The appointment to the ZIB endowed chair at the TUM School of Education is in progress. Its research will focus on school and teaching research and the coordination of research syntheses. The school and teaching research is mainly concerned with analysing school- and teaching-related factors with a positive impact on student performance to help improve school learning. The projects in both areas at the TUM School of Education are aimed at exploring issues relevant to educational policy and practical application, so that the findings from large-scale assessments and related studies can be processed for practical application and policy-making.
Current ZIB projects at the TUM
The German Institute for International Educational Research (DIPF) is a member of the Leibniz Association. The institute focuses on educational information and research, operating central information infrastructures for this area like the Fachportal Pädagogik and the German Education Server portals.
As part of the ZIB, research at the DIPF focuses on educational-psychological diagnostics and large-scale assessments with the appropriate methodological research. It concentrates on measuring student performance using technology-based applications, including research on computer-based surveys in which the test procedures are not conducted with pen and paper, but with the help of a computer. Technology-based tests of this nature also enable the analysis of so-called process data like processing times besides evaluating the tests themselves. This helps to gain a more rounded picture of student performance and how it is achieved.
The ZIB endowed chair for educational-psychological diagnostics is held by Prof. Frank Goldhammer, with responsibility for technology-based assessment in the Educational Quality and Evaluation department at the DIPF. The Centre for Technology-Based Assessment is also headed by Prof. Goldhammer.
The Leibniz Institute for Science and Mathematics Education (IPN) is a member of the Leibniz Association. It focuses on exploring mathematical and scientific teaching and learning processes.
Research concentrates on the issues of how to best measure student performance and improve measuring and analysis methods. Current ZIB research at the IPN mainly addresses three key aspects.
One of the research focuses is dealing with missing data in educational research. This aspect is to be examined more closely and the development and application of multilevel models is to be promoted. Multilevel models are an important research area as the data in educational research is frequently found in a multilevel structure, therefore results need to be considered on several levels. So although students are individuals, they also belong to a specific class and a specific school. They share the same lessons with other students and learn under the same structural conditions, which influences individual and class learning success.
Another research focus is assessing causal effects with non-experimental data. This includes questions about the extent to which cause-and-effect ratios can be derived from school performance surveys and which statistical methods are best suited for the purpose.
Furthermore, training courses like workshops are offered regularly to familiarise ZIB/IPN and external researchers with new methodological developments.